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Ron Kraybill

I lived in SA 89-95 and was training advisor to the National Peace Accord. A few thoughts:
1) I think you raise an important point in general. The internal dynamics within each side play a bigger role than is widely recognized in negotiations.
2) The ANC/PAC split was old by the time of the negotiations. There had been years of bad blood and the organizations had grown distant and hostile towards each other. The ANC had a huge and relatively well-organized following that included a lot of radicalized young people, quite a few of whom were raising utter havoc in the streets. The PAC had a much smaller following - it's leaders said some blood-curdling things (eg: the motto, "One settler one bullet") but weren't do much that seriously threatened anybody. So the white government and the ANC just largely ignored them. Everyone was far more worried about Buthelezi, who sat on the sidelines almost the whole time, and the violence between his street thugs and the young ANC lions in the townships than the PAC.

BTW, I led a a workshop for a group of regional PAC leaders at one point in East London. I found them knowledgeable and thoughtful, and less bombastic in person than I expected. The Africanist view which lay at the core of PAC thought - that Africa is for Africans (accompanied by an expansive definition of African that included anyone who truly considered Africa and its heritage home), that Africans need to re-claim their identity as Africans - is one I couldn't and still don't easily dismiss.

Ron Kraybill

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